Nature’s air filters – these 7 plants clean the air you breathe – guide

Nature’s air filters – these 7 plants clean the air you breathe – guide

There is little that is as essential to health as clean air to breathe. Especially in the city, where car exhaust fumes and chemical vapors from building materials flutter around, it is often not enough to ventilate the room. All the more interesting are the results of studiesaccording to which some houseplants are particularly good at absorbing these pollutants from the air and rendering them harmless.

BILD shows you which plants kill which pollutants and how they can make you feel good.

▶︎ But consider this: the larger a room, the more plants you’ll need. But if you turn your living room into a jungle, mold can develop.

sheath sheet

Spathiphyllum cannifoliumPhoto: Getty Images

The sheath leaf (also called peace or one-leaf lily) is a classic houseplant and is particularly popular because it blooms for a long time and is easy to care for. It can thrive anywhere, but it doesn’t like direct sunlight. His home is the tropics, so even in the bathroom he feels comfortable.

Above all, nitrogen oxide, which is produced by exhaust gases, is an effective suction of air.

lucky pen

Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Zamioculcas zamiifoliaPhoto: Getty Images

The lucky feather is ideal for people who don’t have a green thumb because it is particularly easy to care for: it needs little water and can be placed anywhere where there is no direct sun. Plus, it uses its own water reservoir in case they forget it for a while. However, this also means that it is sensitive to excessive watering.

Lucky feathers filter benzene and ethylene from the air, which in higher concentrations can cause nausea and headaches. They are contained in exhaust gases, cigarette smoke, but also in ripe fruit.

ficus benjamina

ficus benjamina

ficus benjaminaPhoto: images alliance / WILDLIFE

An indoor plant that even laymen know well: the Ficus Benjamina became a trend in the 1990s and remains so to this day. And that, although it is not insensitive: it does not like it too dark or too sunny, neither too dry nor too humid. Stick a finger in the soil before watering to see if the plant is thirsty. Change location if you lose leaves.

Ficus is particularly attracted to formaldehyde, a gas that can irritate the respiratory tract and eyes and is found in wooden furniture, upholstery and building materials.

Fragrant Dragon Tree

dracaena fragrances

dracaena fragrancesPhoto: images alliance / imageBROKER

The fragrant dragon tree is a beautiful and, above all, frugal houseplant. She likes it to be bright and she can stand in the window just fine. Watering is done once a week in summer, but twice a month is enough in winter. Unfortunately, it’s not right for everyone: asthmatics can be sensitive, and it can be poisonous to pets and children.

► Dragon tree also cleans the air of formaldehyde that escapes from furniture.

mexican mountain palm

Chamaedorea elegans

Chamaedorea elegansPhoto: Getty Images

Not all palm trees are suitable for housing, as the tropical climate is not good for most apartments. It is good that there are also species that are used to colder climates and thrive here as well. The Mexican mountain palm is comfortable in partial shade and needs water once a week. It was all the rage in Victorian greenhouses and conservatories and can grow to considerable size indoors.

► According to a NASA study, the Mexican mountain palm is an all-rounder that filters the full range of pollutants from the air we breathe.

hemp bow

Sansevieria trifasciata

Sansevieria trifasciataPhoto: Getty Images

If you never think about watering and are looking for something truly indestructible, you can hardly go wrong with a hemp bow. In cool months, feeling with your finger every four weeks is sufficient if the soil is too dry. Bow hemp is a succulent (similar to cacti) and has excellent water retention. Like the cactus, it likes warm, sunny weather, but is slightly poisonous and therefore not for children’s rooms.

► In addition to protection against common gases, bow hemp has a natural protection against moisture and can therefore also keep mold spores away.


gerbera jamesonii

gerbera jamesoniiPhoto: Getty Images/500px

Those who do not get so hot and do not want to keep a tropical climate at home may find the temperate gerbera in favor. It comes from the temperate zones of South Africa and does not like too much heat (up to 20 degrees). The flowers put on a show of colour, but from October onwards it likes a winter break and likes a dry, sunny spot.

► Above all, the gerbera renders the benzene in exhaust gases harmless.