According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), sexuality is a social construction that involves various aspects of the human being based on sex, including sexual orientation, eroticism, emotional bonding, love and reproduction. , all of this is expressed through fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, activities, practices, roles and relationships. “Sexuality is the result of the interaction of biological, psychological, cultural, socioeconomic, ethical and religious or spiritual factors,” explains the agency.
However, despite times having changed, the female perspective on sexuality was silenced and reduced only to reproductive function, as women were considered to be mere sexual objects. This is how The Conversation expresses itself in its article “The pioneers in the history of female sexuality”, with which it tries to make visible the work done by a group of pioneering women in the field of gender, education and sexual health in order to transform sexuality into a more open topic and away from the taboos that are still present today.
According to the BBC, Marie Bonaparte (1882-1962) was a pioneer in sexual research in the 20th century. Although she was born into a well-known and wealthy family, she was a woman who revolutionized the history of female sexuality.
According to the British media, Bonaparte, great-granddaughter of Napoleon I, Emperor of France, rejected the role of female submission and was interested in finding answers to explain female orgasm and became passionate about psychoanalysis, becoming a student, friend and even savior of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Austrian physician considered the creator of psychoanalysis.
The princess from an early age showed curiosity, both for science and literature, writing and also for her own body. So much so that one day “Mimau”, one of the many women who took care of her, found her masturbating, details the BBC in the note “Female orgasm: who was Maria Bonaparte, the pioneer princess in sexual research in the 20th century”.
‘It’s a shame! It is a vice! If you do you will die! ‘, She told him, as Marie Bonaparte herself wrote in her diary in 1952, describes the BBC.
“Bonaparte claims to have given up on clitoral masturbation at the age of 8 or 9, fearing ‘Mimau’ warning that death was the price of erotic pleasure,” writes Nellie Thomson in her essay Theory of Female Sexuality. Marie Bonaparte: Fantasy and Biology.
Bonaparte’s interest in sexuality and female pleasure arose in the age of intellectual appetite. But in 1924 he published the work Notes on the anatomical causes of frigidity in women under the pseudonym of AE Narjani.
According to Kim Wallen, professor of behavioral neuroendocrinology at Emory University, Georgia, United States, “she (Marie) was frustrated that she never had an orgasm during intercourse,” meaning penetration.
“I have not accepted that orgasm in women can occur directly from clitoral stimulation,” the specialist adds to the BBC.
For Marie, that a woman could not have an orgasm while being penetrated was an anatomical problem. And so she developed the following theory: “a shorter distance between a woman’s clitoris and her vagina increases her likelihood of experiencing an orgasm during intercourse.”
Thanks to the search for answers to her sexual frustrations and the difficulties of her life, Maria Bonaparte is considered the pioneer princess in sexual research.
Another must-see pioneer is Cleopatra VII, considered by many to be one of the first feminists. She was a much smarter woman than Emperor Augustus and much more powerful than the Roman army itself. She was a brilliant queen, of great intelligence and who, thanks to her great ingenuity and her natural beauty, conquered the two most powerful men of her time: Julius Caesar and Marco Antonio.
Philippe Brenot, a psychiatrist, anthropologist and director of sexology teaching at the University of Descartes in Paris, assures that Cleopatra was the first woman to own a vibrator and experiment with it to take her sex life to another level, details the site News Collective Culture.
In his book Sex Story, Brenot explains that the vibrator of the queen of Egypt was made up of a roll of papyrus that he kept inside the live bees, which fluttered and collided with the walls of the papyrus causing a vibration very similar to that of the actual sex toys.
Sexuality and the scientific method
Emily Witt’s latest book, Future Sex, seeks answers through science and technology. In addition to being interested in her body’s physiological responses (this is a first-person account), she tries to find out how sex and relationships change in a changing society.
“The woman, outside of a monogamous relationship, does not have many historical models to turn to for guidance because the history of her sexuality has been hidden. I’m not sure if technological innovation is empowering them, but women now have more sexual options than ever … “ EMILY WIT
In an interview for El Confidentcial, Witt said: “The woman, outside of a monogamous relationship, does not have many historical models to turn to for guidance because the history of her sexuality has been hidden. I’m not sure if technological innovation is strengthening them, but women now have more sexual options than ever – like anyone else – and that means we live in a more honest, authentic and experiential way.
Sexologist Virginia Johnson and William Master (gynecologist) were an American couple whose work, Human Sexual Respose, centered on studying sexual habits and how bodies function during sex, which was a real scandal in the 1950s. His studies focused on the pursuit of individual pleasure, the enhancement of orgasm and, above all, sexual freedom. You have developed the so-called “sensual therapy, based on behaviorism or on Freud’s method, which has helped many couples to cure their sexual difficulties. The famous American series, Master of Sex, is based on their lives and their experiments.
According to experts, women’s independence was one of the most important silent revolutions of the 20th century. The continuous struggle for equality and the freedom to decide for oneself has been represented in politics, in sport, in fashion and above all in the world of sex, to have the same importance as that of men for What is fundamental and important is to give recognition of those revolutionary women who have changed the world of female sexuality.