what is it for, how does it work, the benefits

what is it for, how does it work, the benefits

Compression has the function of improving muscle capillarization but not only: what you should know

Charlotte Montanera

When it comes to compression clothing, especially in the world of running, a smoky stage opens up. Opinions are many and different: is it necessary? What is it for? Do you need it for long distances? Also good for those who don’t suffer from poor circulation? Can you help go faster? The first step is to solve a Hamlet question and understand how it works. Let’s see it.

Compression clothing is talked about on many different occasions. For women especially occasions to wear. compression garments they are different. From postoperative antithrombus stockings, through graduated compression stockings to promote circulation, through push-up garments, through “sheath effect” garments, we have become accustomed to thinking of compression clothing as something annoying, but Useful. Bridget Jones’s slimming belly is a classic example: a weighty fabric that compresses in just the right places to make us look slimmer. Or the unattractive graduated compression sock to wear to limit damage in the case of varicose veins.

The first thing to clarify is that compression sportswear it has nothing to do with the garments just mentioned.

When it comes to compression sportswear, compression has the function of improve muscle capillarization on one side and on the other avoid microtraumatisms in the muscle fibers. So compress and support, but never squeeze.

THE movements they must be fluid and free and the garment must not “feel” on the skin, must not wear out and must not mark.

In compression sportswear compression has the main function of supporting soft tissues, that is, muscles, but also tendons and joints. In fact, during sports activity our tissues suffer oscillations that can be harmful to the fibers themselves. Especially in activities with sudden movements, jumps and stops, such as trail running, but also football, the muscles and tendons are highly stressed. Compression clothing limits these oscillations, just as a bra limits those of the breast, minimizing trauma.

For this specific clothing has a differentiated compression according to zones: stronger in the Achilles tendon, supported in the calf, light in the knees, for example.

If a garment has the same compression across the entire surface, or has a graduated compression (stronger at the bottom and always lighter as you go up), it means that it is not designed to be used for sports. It can be used in recovery or in case of venous stagnation, but it does not have any beneficial action on the muscles during activity.

Equally sportswear is not fully compressive. Let’s take the example of a t-shirt: we will have a greater compression in the pectorals if it is a man, in the shoulders and back, medium in the abdominals, but nothing under the armpits and on the hips, where it would be annoying. If we talk about a sock, it will be high in the plantar band to support the arch, but very light in the toe or ankle, where if it were too strong it would prevent easy movements.

If you have worn graduated compression stockings, you know the feeling of discomfort that this type of garment can generate in the long run. High compression and stiff fabric make them uncomfortable for dynamic wear. Sportswear, on the other hand, should also be able to be worn under normal clothing.. For example, almost all soccer players wear calf compression sleeves with soccer socks. For this reason, the fabrics used are very sophisticated, elastic and fine. They should glide over the skin and be almost unnoticeable. The compression should be gentle and in no way impede movement. Alche seams should be absent as much as possible.